Python insights | Job and market growth statistics - FutureLearn (2023)

Find out about the different types of jobs available and their salaries, as well as some predictions and forecasts for the future of this steadily growing programming language.

Python insights | Job and market growth statistics - FutureLearn (1)

For a project that initially started out as an homage to the British comedy troupe Monty Python, it’s fairly astounding how far Python has come along since it was first launched back in 1992. It’s quickly become one of the top programming languages in the world, with applications in web development, data analytics, machine learning, and design.

In this article, we’ll take a look at why this particular programming language is so important in the world today, and what the future might have in store too. In addition to exploring the landscape of programming languages, we’ll also look at what drives growth and what jobs and salaries there are. We’ll also look at how you can go about learning Python, and the various routes into these roles.

The current landscape regarding Python

In essence, Python is a programming language based around data and is built in a fairly intuitive way which makes it easy to write and understand. This offers the user the chance for rapid development in the world of coding.

It is incredibly versatile, which means Python has multiple possible applications – in general, though, it’s commonly used for web applications and software development, but it can be used in anything from AI to machine learning.

Because of its ease of use and versatility, many large corporations and companies have adopted it – just some of the high profile companies that use Python as their primary coding languages include NASA, Spotify, Dropbox, Instagram, and even Google.

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What is Python’s global market value?

There are several different reports that we can look at and use to get a good idea of the global value of Python at the moment. According to Statista, Python was the third most in demand language by recruiters in 2022. Toptal’s Python hiring guide outlines what recruiters look for in a great Python developer.

In addition, the official ranking for programming languages, the Popularity of Programming Language Index (PYPL), reinforces Python as the most popular programming language. This puts it above more familiar programming languages like Java.

Python is an open-source language, which means that anyone can use it. This makes it quite tricky to calculate the overall global market value. However, if you look at an industry such as data analytics, in which Python can be used, the market value is projected to be worth 655.5 billion by 2029.

What is the Python job market like?

So, what does the job market look like in the world of Python? The number of job postings is often the best indicator of the demand for a language. As Python is among the most popular programming languages in the world used by companies all across the globe, it’s a pretty strong market.

In recent years, Python has seen a huge increase in jobs. There are currently more than 11,000 job advertisements worldwide on Glassdoor for Python-related roles, with Indeed having around 14,000 roles. Compared to the roles related to Java, Indeed currently has nearly double the amount for Python which only goes to show how big the Python job market is at the moment.

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And as more large companies use it, or continue to use it, the number of roles available will only increase.

Estimated growth

In the past few years, Python has experienced unprecedented growth. According to Github, Python continued to see gains in its usage across GitHub with a 22.5% year-over-year increase in 2022.

It was reported in September 2018 that there were just over 7 million Python developers. By April 2019, this number had reached well over 8 million, overtaking Java developers in the process. Due to lockdown laws being implemented across the globe, there was also a marked uptick in people contributing to open source projects, with Python usage almost doubling.

As well as Python showing staggering growth over the past few years, the markets which it plays a pivotal role in are projected to grow also. The big data analytics market is even projected to reach $103 billion by 2027!

What is driving growth in the use of Python?

There are a number of different things that are driving this continued growth in the use of Python. The first thing is almost certainly due to some of the biggest companies in the world deciding to use Python as their primary programming language. This opens up many more employment opportunities and Python courses available online.

It is also a result of data analytics becoming a primary focus for many industries. There is so much data now that companies are looking for data scientists to use programming languages like Python to make sense of this data and help drive business results.

Here are some of the other main drivers behind the growth in the use of Python:

  • AI and machine learning – machine learning is something of a hot topic in the IT world at the moment. From Google’s predictive searches through to using Siri on your phone, the possibilities of machine learning are vast. And currently, Python is a major language used by web developers to make this task easier.
  • Data analytics – arguably the single biggest reason as to why people are migrating to Python, there are estimates that 17MB of data is created by every person in the world every second. The need to organise and manipulate this data has never been more important, and data analytics using Python makes a lot of sense.
  • Programming applications – Python is incredibly versatile, and can be used to program all kinds of applications. From blockchain applications to video and audio apps, Python is an ideal choice for programming applications.
  • Web development – due to the extensive libraries and frameworks offered by Python, including Django and Flask, and the versatility of the language, it’s a great choice for web developers. It’s from these frameworks that sites like Spotify and Reddit were created.
  • Data visualisation – whether you are looking to create simple graphics or something more interactive, then Python is a great choice when it comes to data visualisation. Due to the wide range of libraries, data visualisation with Python will give you a wide range of possibilities, allowing you to transform your data into meaningful insights.

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Python job insights

So, now we have a good grasp on the language and its popularity, let’s take a look at the different jobs available in the world of Python. Given the enormous popularity and widespread usage of Python in companies both big and small, it comes as no surprise that there is a wide range of different roles available that have Python at their core.

We’ve outlined some of the main employment opportunities, as well as the ways that you can get into them and the respective salaries below.

What types of jobs use Python?

As we have already discussed, the uses of Python are almost innumerable. It’s an incredibly versatile programming language that can be used in a veritable myriad of different roles and industries. We’ve picked out some of the most popular and in-demand roles that are currently available and that require Python skills:

  • Software developer. Software development with Python is one of the most effective uses for this innovative programming language. After all, Reddit and Spotify, amongst others, had their software developed in Python. Software developers would be required to write, edit, and test the code, as well as maintain their programs.
  • Data scientist. Data scientists effectively have to find patterns and make predictions using the company’s data libraries. Because Python has the ability to automate and analyse data fields, it’s quickly become the go-to language used in data science.
  • Machine learning engineer. Python’s ability to handle algorithms and deal with data automation makes it the ideal programming language for machine learning. ML engineering requires additional skills and qualifications, but it’s still worth noting here as it gives you an idea of the range of roles available.
  • Python developer. A bit of an obvious one here – but python developers are in hot demand at the moment. While there may be parallels with software development, often you’ll use other tools and languages in that role. As a Python developer, you’ll just be using Python to write code and build backend infrastructure.

What is the average salary of a role that uses Python?

As with any other industry, the average salaries for roles that use Python vary depending on the role, the sector you’re working in, and the amount of experience you have with Python. IT Jobs Watch, a website that specialises in collating salary data across the IT industry, states that the median annual salary in the UK for a role requiring Python skills is £60,000.

If we take a look at some of the separate roles we discussed above, the salaries differ. According to Indeed, a Python developer has an average annual income of £84,277. A data scientist, on the other hand, has an average income of £41,841 (according to PayScale).

A report from the US Bureau of Labour Statistics also stated that between 2019 and 2029, they predicted a 22% growth of demand for software developers, and that an average annual wage amounts to $110,140.

How to get into Python

If you have a keen interest in software programming and web development, then Python is a great skill for you to have. It can be a great additional language to learn if you’re already familiar with something like Java or C, and can be really useful if you have an understanding of computer programming and want to take this a step further.

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Despite this broad set of skills and requirements, there are a number of ways to enter into the world of Python, and to see which application suits your skill set the best.

  • Education – most roles that use Python will require you to have had some previous experience in using this programming language. As it is an open-source programming language, there aren’t necessarily certificates or accreditation you can receive that states your success in using it. However, you can enrol in one of our Python courses – whether that’s Python essentials, or data analytics using Python.
  • Experience – more and more, companies are hiring candidates with development skills that have been nurtured themselves. Anyone can use Python, so anyone can build upon their experience with it – so you can start learning Python today, and prove your skills.
  • Internships – these are the best ways to get hands-on experience with Python, and then also potentially end up with an employment opportunity at the other side of it too. It’s a low stake option to test the waters and see how you like working with Python.

The future of Python

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As Big Data and machine learning become more important, the future of Python becomes more certain and secure. In addition, there’s a move towards AI, which Python can program quickly and easily, making it a language that is certainly here to stay. With games and software being created with Python alone, it has only been in recent years that people have come to understand the full implications of this programming language.

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Final thoughts

The world of Python is fast-paced and ever growing, opening up a range of opportunities for budding programmers across the globe. If you’re eager to get started learning this language, check out our highly-rated Python courses from expert educators.


Is Python worth it in 2023? ›

Python developers and data scientists are in high demand, and they also command high salaries. According to a report by Indeed, the average salary for a Python developer in the United States is over $120,000 per year. This high demand and high salary make learning Python in 2023 a smart career move.

Is Python in demand 2023? ›

Yes, Python is a programming language worth learning in 2023. Python is an easy-to-learn and versatile language that boosts the coding skills of developers. As per a Statista survey, 48.2 percent of developers worldwide use Python.

What Python jobs pay the most? ›

High Paying Python Engineer Jobs
  • Python Architect. Salary range: $160,000-$193,500 per year. ...
  • Senior Python Developer. Salary range: $126,000-$162,500 per year. ...
  • Full Stack Python Developer. ...
  • Python Consultant. ...
  • Perl Python Developer. ...
  • Python Developer. ...
  • Python Django Developer. ...
  • Python Programmer.

How to become a Python developer in 3 months? ›

How to learn Programming
  1. Practice Practice Practice. Code consistently every day. ...
  2. Read code. Learn to use Github and read code from the pros: ...
  3. Create your Projects. Create simple console apps, simple games, and algorithms to solve a specific problem or anything that comes to mind. ...
  4. Teach IT. ...
  5. HACKATHONS. ...
  6. Google It.

Is 30 too old to learn Python? ›

Coding is a skill that can be learned at any age. Many people who learn to code later in life go on to have successful tech careers.

Will Python ever be obsolete? ›

Is it worth learning Python in 2022? The python programming language has been gaining popularity in recent years, and a lot of developers are looking to learn it. It's safe to say that python will continue to be popular in 2022, but with any tool or language, it's difficult to say if it will die out or become obsolete.

What will replace Python in future? ›

AI infrastructure company, Modular AI, recently unveiled Mojo, a new programming language that combines the syntax of Python along with the portability and speed of C, making it ideal for both research and production.

Will Python replace Java in future? ›

They facilitate polymorphism and encapsulation, but still, most people prefer Java. This article discusses why despite being the most popular programming language, Python can only partially overtake or replace Java. Java has a straightforward syntax, and Its instructions are simple to create, run, decode, and debug.

Can I master Python in 3 years? ›

In general, it takes around two to six months to learn the fundamentals of Python. But you can learn enough to write your first short program in a matter of minutes. Developing mastery of Python's vast array of libraries can take months or years.

Is Python a stressful job? ›

Is Python developer a stressful job? Python developers encounter stress like most other developers. Stress for programmers is not exclusive to Python developers. Whether you're a Python developer or not, it's important to find ways to handle stress as a software developer.

Which pays more Java or Python? ›

2. Python vs Java Developer Salary Comparison. As per the 2021 Stack Overflow Survey, professional Java developers earn $51,888/year globally, whereas dedicated Python developers earn $59,454k/year globally.

What is the average salary code in Python? ›

Average starting Salary for Python Developer in India is around ₹1.4 Lakhs per year (₹11.7k per month).

How long does it take to fully master Python? ›

If you just want to learn the Python basics, it may only take a few weeks. However, if you're pursuing a data science career from the beginning, you can expect it to take four to twelve months to learn enough advanced Python to be job-ready.

What is the salary of Python 3 developer? ›

The average Python Developer salary in the United States is $99,117 as of May 01, 2023, but the salary range typically falls between $90,600 and $108,159.

How long does it take to become employable with Python? ›

3 months is enough if you want to start with a basic job. A basic job only requires you to know the basics of python. After learning the basic python programming, you will have to learn some advanced topics to be professional in it and have a job. Making projects is also important.

Is 50 too old to learn Python? ›

Are You Too Old to Learn Programming? Let's get this out of the way: no, you are not too old to program. There isn't an age limit on learning to code, and there never was. But all too often, insecurity and uncertainty compel older adults to put a ceiling on their achievement potential.

Will AI replace programmers? ›

While it is unlikely that AI will replace programmers, it will have a significant impact on the programming job market. On one hand, AI should automate many responsibilities of programmers. This includes writing code templates and debugging. This will reduce the amount of time and effort required by human programmers.

Should I learn Python at 40? ›

There is a demand for programmers, regardless of their age. There is no best age to start learning programming. You can take advantage of your stage of life. You can use your already acquired skills in starting a programming career.

What are the drawbacks of Python? ›

Some of the disadvantages of Python include its slow speed and heavy memory usage. It also lacks support for mobile environments, database access, and multi-threading. However, it is a good choice for rapid prototyping, and is widely used in data science, machine learning, and server-side web development.

Why don't people use Python? ›

Python is slow

And indeed, Python was not designed to be the fasted language in the world. An there's also the Python GIL, which really is not such a big problem as people make it sound. In fact, Python as a language tends to choose well-readable, clean code above raw speed. So yes, Python is not the fastest language.

What is Python not good for? ›

Runtime errors

As known to many, a Python script isn't compiled first and then executed. Rather, what exactly happens is, that it compiles every time you execute it, so any coding error manifests itself at runtime. All this ultimately leads to poor performance, time consumption, and the need for a lot of tests.

Which language can overtake Python? ›

Performance. Performance is a major reason why Rust is overtaken Python. There is no virtual machine or interpreter between your code and the computer since Rust is compiled directly into machine code.

Why is Python not used for professional software development? ›

Python's main disadvantages are its slowness during execution, problems switching to another language, weakness in mobile app development, excessive memory consumption, and lack of acceptability in the business development industry. Many programmers despise creating code in languages other than their own.

Do hackers prefer using Python or another language? ›

Hackers can use other scripting languages such as BASH, Perl, and Ruby, but Python has an advantage. The language includes pre-built libraries as well as over 1000 modules. A Python-based tool attacks 77% of all websites on the internet.

Should I learn Java or Python in 2023? ›

Python is the best choice if you want to break into data science and machine learning. But if you want to be an Android developer, Java is a better choice. What if you are still undecided about your career path? While Java and Python are both general programming languages, Python is a better choice.

Is Python the future of AI? ›

One of the main reasons why Python is considered the future of AI is its ability to support deep learning. Deep learning is a subset of machine learning that uses artificial neural networks to learn from large amounts of data.

Do Python developers have future? ›

Many new tech companies will start using GoLang over python. The demand for go developers will increase as more companies start to use it. The demand for python developers will decrease because not many new companies are going to use it anymore.

How many hours a day to master Python? ›

The answer to how much time it takes to learn python depends on the time you spent learning. Ask yourself how much time you can dedicate to learning and practicing Python. Generally, it is recommended to dedicate one hour every day to Python learning.

What is the hardest programming language to learn? ›

Malbolge. This language is so hard that it has to be set aside in its own paragraph. Malbolge is by far the hardest programming language to learn, which can be seen from the fact that it took no less than two years to finish writing the first Malbolge code.

What is the average age to learn Python? ›

If you know Python in and out, and can explain it in simple terms, the limit is likely reading and typing. That is around age 6. Once a kid is around 14, if you find a good online system they have a good chance of learning it on their own.

How many hours a week do Python programmers work? ›

Typically, computer programmers spend an average of 40 hours per week on their jobs, which narrows to eight hours per day, between Monday and Friday. Programmers usually work between 9 am to 5 pm or work schedules comparable to typical office culture.

Do programmers have mental health issues? ›

Programming can be a stressful job because of its tight deadlines, often unrealistic client expectations, and because programmers feel pressure to continuously upgrade their skills. This all generates anxiety, which can ultimately lead to burnout. That's why programmers need to take good care of their mental health.

What is the most demand skills in Python? ›

Let have a look at the top 10 skills required to become a Python Developer:
  • Object Relational Mappers.
  • Road to Data Science.
  • Machine Learning and AI.
  • Deep Learning.
  • Understanding of Multi-Process Architecture.
  • Analytical skills.
  • Design Skills.
  • Communication skills.
Dec 13, 2022

Who earns more Python or C++? ›

A C++ developer has an average salary of ₹7,68,406 per annum in India as compared to the average salary of a Python developer, which is ₹3,88,544 per annum.

What is the highest paid programming language? ›

  • Clojure. Salary: $106,644. Clojure, according to StackOverflow, is the highest-paying programming language. ...
  • Erlang. Salary: $103,000. At number two we have Erlang. ...
  • F# Salary: $95,526. ...
  • LISP. Salary: $95,000. ...
  • Ruby. Salary: $93,000. ...
  • Elixir. Salary: $92,959. ...
  • Scala. Salary: $92,780.
Jan 25, 2023

What pays better Python or C++? ›

According to Indeed, C++ developer salaries average $117,000 a year. Python developer salaries average $109,000 a year. These salaries do vary, but in general, the top-paid C++ developer is likely to make more than the top-paid Python developer.

What is the lowest Python salary? ›

Entry Level Python Developer Salary. $56,000 is the 25th percentile. Salaries below this are outliers. $80,000 is the 75th percentile.

How much does a Python full stack developer make in the US? ›

How much does a Full Stack Python Developer make? As of May 20, 2023, the average annual pay for a Full Stack Python Developer in the United States is $136,528 a year. Just in case you need a simple salary calculator, that works out to be approximately $65.64 an hour.

What is the average salary of full stack Python? ›

Fullstack Python Developer salary in India ranges between ₹ 1.8 Lakhs to ₹ 9.2 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹ 4.3 Lakhs.

Can I master Python in 10 days? ›

On average, it can take anywhere from five to 10 weeks to learn the basics of Python programming, including object-oriented programming, basic Python syntax, data types, loops, variables, and functions.

How do I become an expert in Python? ›

The following steps will help you gain the skills and knowledge necessary to become a successful Python developer.
  1. Explore the basics of Python. ...
  2. Learn to code. ...
  3. Learn about different APIs and frameworks. ...
  4. Know your tools. ...
  5. Get involved in open source projects. ...
  6. Start building your own projects. ...
  7. Practice makes perfect.
Aug 18, 2022

What's the easiest programming language to learn? ›

The 5 Easiest Programming Languages
  • HTML and CSS. HTML, which stands for HyperText Markup Language, is one of the most common programming languages for beginners, as it's often seen as the most straightforward programming language to learn. ...
  • JavaScript. ...
  • Python. ...
  • C, C++, and C# ...
  • Java.

What is the highest salary of Python full stack developer? ›

Python Fullstack Developer salary in India ranges between ₹ 1.2 Lakhs to ₹ 8.8 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹ 4.8 Lakhs. Salary estimates are based on 343 latest salaries received from Python Fullstack Developers.

What is the highest salary of Python programmer? ›

Senior Python Developer salary in India ranges between ₹ 4.0 Lakhs to ₹ 23.0 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹ 9.5 Lakhs. Salary estimates are based on 595 latest salaries received from Senior Python Developers.

How much does a freelance Python programmer make? ›

A Python developer with intermediate experience can expect to make $49 per hour on average. This is based on average hourly data from Glassdoor for the United States of America. They claim that the hourly rate ranges from $31 to $78 per hour.

Is it worth learning Python in 2023? ›

In conclusion, learning Python is a must in 2023 for many reasons. It is a versatile language that can be used for a variety of tasks, from web development to data science. It is also easy to learn and has a large community of developers who can help you out.

What is the easiest job to get with Python? ›

Here are six careers that are perfect for job applicants with Python skills.
  • Python Developer. Becoming a Python developer is the most direct job out there for someone who knows the Python programming language. ...
  • Product Manager. ...
  • Data Analyst. ...
  • Educator. ...
  • Financial Advisors. ...
  • Data Journalist. ...
  • Final Thoughts.
Dec 16, 2022

Are Python experts in demand? ›

Demand for Python developers increased by 41% worldwide. Undoubtedly, it offers the most promising career, and this demand for Python developers is growing every time. There is a reason why this high-position programming language is so necessary.

Is Python developer a good career in 2023? ›

Undoubtedly, it offers the most promising career, and this demand for Python developers is growing every time. There is a reason why this high-position programming language is so necessary. Let us read about some famous Python careers open for students with knowledge and expertise!

What is the future of Python in 2023? ›

Python continues to be a powerhouse language in the world of software development, and 2023 looks to be a promising year for the language. With its versatility, simplicity, and powerful libraries and frameworks, Python is well-positioned to continue to grow and evolve in the years to come.

Is it still worth learning to code 2023? ›

2023 is the perfect time to learn programming

With high demand, high salaries, and numerous resources available, it's a valuable skill that can open up a world of opportunities. Plus, it's never too late to start. So if you've been considering learning to code, now is the time to take the plunge.

Will AI replace Python developers? ›

While it is unlikely that AI will replace programmers, it will have a significant impact on the programming job market. On one hand, AI should automate many responsibilities of programmers. This includes writing code templates and debugging. This will reduce the amount of time and effort required by human programmers.

Which programming language is best for getting job 2023? ›

Below is a list of the most popular and best programming languages that will be in demand in 2023.
  • Javascript.
  • Python.
  • Go.
  • Java.
  • Kotlin.
  • PHP.
  • C#
  • Swift.

Will Python surpass Java? ›

Based on the latest data from the TIOBE Index for May 2023, Python has now surpassed Java to become the second most popular language on GitHub, a major platform for code sharing and collaboration.

Which age is best for Python? ›

Introduction to Python is geared toward kids 12 and older. Kids start by learning about coding fundamentals such as variables, loops, and if/then statements. From there, they progress to working with graphics and eventually to building games.

Will coding end in future? ›

The future is unpredictable for the coding industry

The emergence of no-code and low-code platforms has led some experts to predict the end of coding as we know it. The idea of automated development is gaining traction, and while it may seem like science fiction, the reality is not far away.

Will coding still be relevant in 2025? ›

Is Coding Still Relevant in 2025? Yes, coding is still relevant; this will be no different in the next three years. However, programming assignment help and language syntax will continue to get more superficial.

Is 25 too old to start coding? ›

It's never too late to start a career in programming.


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