Unless you are living under the rocks, it is likely that you would be familiar with what is Blockchain and what its potential is when it comes to reforming the tech world. Over the years, this technology has helped mitigate the traditional challenges that a myriad of industries face, helping them grab better opportunities.
Blockchain has also proven to hold the potential to revamp the whole economy – be it healthcare, travel, education, or legal domain.
Between 2017 and 2020, the demand for Blockchain rose by nearly 2000 percent, and it became one of the most highly-valued technologies to have in the industry. By 2024, the net worth of the Blockchain market is expected to be around $20 billion.
As the technology is dominating its presence in fields unheard of, many organizations are looking to hire blockchain developers.
With the increasing demand for blockchain app developers, it is also becoming increasingly important to stay competitive in the field. To stay up in the game,technology enthusiasts needs to be familiar with the best languages for blockchain development.
Therefore, this article discussesthe best languages for blockchain development that one can learn in 2022 along with how to program a blockchain.
Top 15 Programming Languages for Blockchain Development
The Solidity blockchain programming language was developed by Vitalik Buterin, the mastermind behind Ethereum. It serves blockchain development firms with a myriad of benefits, such as:-
- Statically typed programming,
- Possibility of inheritance properties in smart contracts,
- Precise accuracy
Java, the official language of Android mobile app development and a preferred option for backend development, is also considered one of the top blockchain programming languages used for Blockchain development.
The language is derived from C-syntax and is widely chosen for building sophisticated smart contracts and dApps because of its following properties:-
- Robust support for OOP (Object-Oriented Programming) methodology,
- Ease of memory cleaning
- Availability of ample libraries
Some of the best examples of Blockchain solutions developed using Java are NEM, IOTA, NEO, and Hyperledger Fabric.
Blockchain programming in Python has not only ruled the world of app development, IoT app development, and network servers’ development, but is also proving to be an asset in the Blockchain-as-a-service arena.
The language, created in 1991, is widely used for dApps and Smart Contracts development because of the exceptional features it offers. Some of those features of blockchain coding in Python include:
- Blockchain programming in Python language is easy to learn
- Access to dynamic architecture
- Perfect for both base and scripting approaches,
- Open-source support
- Blockchain coding in python is efficient for prototyping
Steem, Hyperledger Fabric, and NEO are a few popular Python–based Blockchain projects that are prevailing in the industry.
The language, in the form of frameworks like Node.js framework, offers innumerable benefits to developers, such as:
- No hassle of integration of respective resources, and more
Released in 1995, PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is another programming language used for blochain development that every reputed mobile app development company recommends for creating Blockchain solutions.
PHP is often used to develop blockchain solutions of different complexity ranges. Something that is a ripple effect of its huge open-source community and object-oriented features.
C++, introduced back in 1985 by Bjarne Stroustrup, is the best programming language for cryptocurrency development.
The language follows OOPs methodology and is highly used for developing cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ripple, Stellar, and EOS. Some of the prominent features and functionalities oF C++ are:
- Efficient CPU management and memory control
- Ease of running parallel/non-parallel threads
- Option to move semantics for copying data effectively
- Compile-time polymorphism for enhanced performance
- Code isolation for different data structures, and more
Created by Microsoft as a substitute of Blockchain coding Java, the OOP language offers a huge number of features for enterprise-powered apps, cloud, and cross-platform development. The language comes loaded with features of C, SQL, and .NET frameworks, and is highly favored for Blockchain development because:
- It is open source.
- Its syntax is easy to understand and learn – thanks to its identicality with C++ and Blockchain coding Java.
- It empowers blockchain app developers to write portable code across devices.
- It is cost-effective to use because of the BizSpark program.
The programming language is majorly considered for building dApps, Smart Contracts, and infrastructure in a Blockchain environment.
Go programming language also lands in the list of top Blockchain coding languages with a blistering success.
Two of the best Go-based Blockchain solutions prevalent in the market are Go-Ethereum and Hyperledger Fabric.
Created by Russell O’ Connor, Simplicity is one of the high-level Blockchain coding languages that hit the market in November 2017.
The Simplicity programming language is based on Ivy and works with a Haskell-like syntax which makes coding easier and effective. Besides, it is highly mathematical in nature and makes the codeline human-readable. Because of which, it is highly used for developing Smart Contracts and blockchain solutions that works with both Bitcoin and Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM).
Ruby is the best language for blockchain development to headstart your career with.
Developed by Yukihiro “Matz” in the mid-1990s, this high-level and general purpose programming language empowersblockchain developers to prototype their vision effectively and effortlessly through open-source third party APIs and plugins. The language also gives developers an opportunity to mix its features with that of other languages to build an enhanced platform.
It is highly considered by Asian developers for building Blockchain-based software and platforms.
Though a newbie in the Blockchain ecosystem, Rust is also being widely considered for building innovative, immutable, and secure solutions.
The language enables open-source blockchain developers to create quick and effective frameworks. It also serves them with a highly-capable mechanism of managing mutable states, amazing code optimization, better memory options, and concurrency-based opportunities.
SQL (Structured Query Language) is also one of the top blockchain technology programming languages to consider in 2022.
The language was designed by IBM to make communication with databases like MySQL, SQL Server, PostgreSQl, and Oracle easier and efficient. It is used for building secure and effective enterprise solutions in the Blockchain domain. A clear evidence of which is Aergo.
Erlang is another top Blockchain coding language you must consider for a brighter future ahead.
- Unparalleled backend facility
- Higher scalability
- Inherent fault tolerance, and more
Something that makes it the right choice for building peer-to-peer networks in a Blockchain environment.
Rholang is yet another impressive addition in the list of Blockchain programming languages. The language, unlike C++ or Python, operates with a functional approach over object-oriented. It also assesses the whole app as a series of functions which are then solved in a sequential manner.
Because of this, it is a favorite of developers when they wish to build a high-level project like Smart Contracts.
CX has also entered the list of top Blockchain programming languages.
The language has the potential to work as a contractual digital intermediary, and comes loaded with features like simple error control process, and opportunity to use propelled cuts, pointers, and arrays. It also assembles over Go and gives users an escape from executing discretionary codes, which has been a critical issue for present day businesses.
What’s more, the language integrates with OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) efficiently and helps blockchain developers reap better benefits in terms of GPU’s capacity.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q. Are Blockchain developers in demand?
Yes, blockchain developers are highly in demand. In fact, it has been found that the demand for Blockchain engineers in 2020 was 517% more than what was recorded in 2019. And this number is bound to increase in the coming years.
Q. What do you need to learn in order to start developing on the blockchain?
Though the answer to this question is too vast, let us summarize in a few basic pointers:-
- Strong knowledge of the basics of Blockchain development, i.e. its characteristics and popular platforms.
- Awareness of the points of failure in the overall system.
- Expertise at top Blockchain programming languages.
- Familiarity with the popular cryptocurrencies and the concept of cryptocurrency mining.
- A background in web development, networking, and security.
Q. What language is Ethereum coded in?
Ethereum programming language, which is currently in its 2.0 version, is coded in Go, C++, and Rust.
Q. What language is Bitcoin Blockchain written in?
The Bitcoin programming language, as per our experts, is written in C++.
Q. What programming languages does blockchain use?
Q. How to learn blockchain programming?
To start with, you can join various blockchain communities, opt for online blockchain programming tutorials, search vlogs on YouTube and read Blockchain news. There are also free courses available to learn blockchain programming.
So, these were some of the programming languages that can be considered for entering the Blockchain world and making the best of the flourishing opportunity. These languages, as already covered in this article, hold different potential and thus, can be used for building different forms of Blockchain and cryptocurrency-based solutions. It implies that you must know which language is best for what type of Blockchain development, and eventually, polish your skills in the same.
Now, while learning through online blockchain programming tutorials and training programs is a good effort to be well-versed with its theoretical concepts, if you wish to do some practical stuff or learn how to program a blockchain under the shade of a reputed Blockchain app development company, connect our recruitment team for an internship opportunity today.
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Solidity is the popular choice for developing decentralized applications on the Ethereum Virtual Machine or EVM. On the other hand, Rust is the top priority for developers working on dApp projects based on the Solana blockchain.Which language is best for blockchain developer? ›
- Statically typed Blockchain Programming language - Solidity provides a stable and more flexible coding pattern for smart contracts ;
- User-friendly - Easy-to-use feature of Solidity makes it flexible;
Solidity is the popular choice for developing decentralized applications on the Ethereum Virtual Machine or EVM. On the other hand, Rust is the top priority for developers working on dApp projects based on the Solana blockchain.What language is web3 written in? ›
Solidity is an object-oriented programming language for implementing smart contracts on various blockchain platforms, most notably, Ethereum. Solidity is licensed under GNU General Public License v3. 0.Is Java or Python better for blockchain? ›
Python lets developers create a simple blockchain in less than 50 lines of code. Especially for a blockchain that is addressing an Internet of Things case, Python is recommended. It eases the job of building blocks and linking them together.What is the best programming language for blockchain 2023? ›
Solidity is user-friendly for anyone with basic familiarity with other coding languages like Python, C++, and Java. Professionals with experience in programming concepts and coding languages can usually learn Solidity in 1-6 months. If you have no programming experience, it may take longer.Is Solidity easy or hard? ›
To be a backend developer, you need to know frameworks such as express js, react js, java spring, etc. Let's get straight to the point. Even if you know you want to develop on a blockchain that uses Rust (NEAR, Solana, Elrond, and so forth), you should still learn Solidity first.
If you are interested in web3, then it is definitely worth learning Solidity. The major downside of Solidity, however, is that it isn't currently used outside web3 development. It also has quite a steep learning curve if you don't already know another language such as C++.Should I learn Python or Solidity first? ›
C# qualifies as the best language for dApp development with its open source nature and ease of learning. The comprehensive library class of C# prove its potential for development of distributed systems, smart contracts and dApps.What language is used in NFT development? ›
Prerequisites of NFT Programming
Solidity is currently the core language on Ethereum and other private blockchains operating on competing platforms, such as Monax and its Hyperledger Burrow blockchain which uses Tendermint for consensus. SWIFT has created a proof of concept that runs on Burrow and uses Solidity.How much does a Solidity developer make? ›
Apr 2022: $363k. Mar 2022: $424k. Feb 2022: $222k.What is the best language to create cryptocurrency? ›
- Solidity. Solidity is the most commonly used language for writing and deploying smart contracts on the Ethereum chain. ...
- C++ ...
- Rust. ...
- Clarity. ...
- Go. ...
You can use Python to code a blockchain without having to write a lot of code. As an example, Python allows you to create a simple blockchain in less than 50 lines of code. However, Python is recommended for blockchain because you can easily perform many tasks with a single command.Which blockchain is the best to build on? ›
Ethereum is the best secure block chain based secure crypto currency platform. I helps to develop secure transparent crypto currency solutions for our customers.What coding is required in blockchain? ›
There is no doubt that blockchain coding is not easy. It requires a lot of technical expertise and knowledge to be able to code a blockchain. However, many resources are available to help people learn how to code a blockchain.What is the best programming language to learn in 2025? ›
- C# ...
- PHP. ...
- Kotlin. ...
- Scala. ...
- C++ C++ is a dynamic, multipurpose programming language capable of creating operating systems, browsers, games, and more. ...
- Rust. Rust is a highly adaptable language that prioritizes performance and security. ...
There are many ways to get a Solidity job and it might be easier than you think! You have mastered the basics of Solidity, created your first few useful projects and now want to get your hands on some real-world projects. Getting a Solidity developer job might be easier than you think.What is the weakness of Solidity? ›
Solidity data types are cumbersome due to the 256 bits Virtual Machine (EVM). The language does not offer a floating point representation, and data types shorter than 32 bytes are packed together into the same 32 bytes slot. With this in mind, you should expect precision issues.How much do Solidity developers make per hour? ›
As of Apr 4, 2023, the average annual pay for a Solidity in the United States is $160,940 a year. Just in case you need a simple salary calculator, that works out to be approximately $77.38 an hour.Does Solidity pay well? ›
According to cryptocurrencyjobs.co, even the lowest base salary for remote Solidity developers is $100,000, and the average wage is $145,000, with exceptions based on location, company, and experience.Is Solidity well paid? ›
How much does a Solidity Developer make per year? The average annual income of a Solidity Developer is between $60,000 and $180,000 with an average of $100,000 per year (source).Can a non programmer learn Solidity? ›
Pros of Solidity
Similar to other tech positions, demand is high, but the number of skilled workers remains low. As of 2022, Solidity is less than a decade old, which is hardly enough time to train the estimated coders the industry needs. Universities and colleges don't even teach Solidity to programmers.What is the closest language to Solidity? ›
No. You don't need a certification to become a Solidity developer. All you need are a few tools and the basic knowledge of working with Ethereum Blockchain. With CodeMonk, you can pick up worldwide remote jobs as a Solidity developer.What is prerequisite for Solidity? ›
The most important prerequisite to become Solidity developer is the knowledge of Ethereum blockchain. Apart from familiarizing with the basics of Ethereum and its use cases, you must also learn about the EVM and its working in detail. Use the EVM to learn the development of smart contracts with Solidity.What do I need to learn before Solidity? ›
- Blockchain fundamentals knowledge.
- Ethereum platform knowledge.
- Basic knowledge of programming concepts.
- Familiarity with the command line to create new directories.
- University at Buffalo. Blockchain. ...
- University at Buffalo. Smart Contracts. ...
- University at Buffalo. Blockchain Basics. ...
- University at Buffalo. Decentralized Applications (Dapps) ...
- ConsenSys Academy. Blockchain: Foundations and Use Cases. ...
- Free. Infosec. ...
- IBM. Introduction to Software, Programming, and Databases. ...
- Coursera Project Network.
As a beginner, you find great tutorials, resources and tools that help you get started building with Solidity on the ethereum.org developer portal. Alternatively, you can start by learning the basics about blockchain, smart contracts and the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) in the Solidity docs.What language are Cardano dApps written in? ›
Plutus is the native smart contract language for Cardano. It is a Turing-complete language written in Haskell, and Plutus smart contracts are effectively Haskell programs.What programming language does Elon Musk recommend? ›
Elon Musk's iconic company, Tesla, operates on an operating system built on the Python programming language. Elon Musk continues to prefer it as his favourite programming language.What language is Solana dApps written in? ›
The most important highlight in developing a Solana dApp example is the Rust programming language. All the decentralized applications on the Solana blockchain are created by using the Rust programming language.What programming language is OpenSea? ›
At the moment, the overwhelming majority of DeFi projects are based on Ethereum. This means that they are all built to the ERC-20 token standard and using the Solidity coding language (more on this shortly).Is Cardano written in Solidity? ›
Alonzo provides Cardano with smart contract capabilities and enhances its functionality by incorporating the Plutus scripts written in a simple, functional language such as Solidity or Haskell and allowing users to place the scripts.Is Solana written in Solidity? ›
Solana supports the use of Solidity for writing smart contracts, and it also has its own native programming language called Move. This is similar to Ethereum, which also uses Solidity as its primary language for smart contracts.How do I learn Solidity as a developer? ›
The first step in becoming a web3 developer is learning Solidity, and the easiest way to master Solidity is through online courses and Solidity tutorials. Solidity is the fundamental programming language for developers who want to learn how to create and deploy smart contracts on the Ethereum network.Is it worth to learn Solidity? ›
Is learning Solidity in 2022 worthwhile? YES. The main programming language for building smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain is Solidity. Crypto, NFT, and Defi enthusiasts should learn this programming language.How many people can code in Solidity? ›
Solidity is a contract-oriented Turing-complete programming language and the number of developers is estimated at over 200,000.Is it hard to learn Solidity? ›
Strong programming skills in at least one popular language, such as Java or Python. Knowledge of cryptography and data structures (like linked lists and arrays). Good understanding of networking concepts (like TCP/IP and DNS) and how it works.What language should I learn before Solidity? ›
The average Solidity Developer salary (globally) is $96,620 per year. Salary estimates are based on anonymous submissions by Solidity Developers, website users just like you and collected from past and present job posts.Should I learn Solidity or Python first? ›
But most importantly, it will enable you to comprehend all blockchain technologies. Getting started with or learning about blockchain can be a little intimidating. However, Solidity is the ideal way to enter this coding specialization!Which blockchains are built with Python? ›
Some of the popular blockchains developed using Python are Ethereum, Hyperledger Fabric, Steem, and NEO. Solidity is a new programming language designed to create Ethereum-based smart contracts.Do you need HTML and CSS for blockchain development? ›
Blockchain Developer Salary. $108,000 is the 25th percentile. Salaries below this are outliers. $151,000 is the 75th percentile.What coding skills do you need for blockchain? ›
- Blockchain Architecture. ...
- Cryptography. ...
- Data Structures. ...
- Smart Contracts. ...
- Solid Grasp of Cryptography and Security Principles. ...
- Programming Languages. ...
- Experience With Distributed Systems. ...
- Understand Standards and Eco-systems.
It could take anywhere from a month to six months to complete. If you have no concept of how programming works and your only understanding is that of a mysterious super coder, it can take up to six months to become a solidity developer.