What is the best programming language to learn for blockchain? (2023)


What is the best programming language to learn if you want to work on the blockchain?

From Python to Solidity, here are 10 answers to the question, “What are the best programming languages to learn if you want to work on the blockchain, and why?”

  • Python
  • C++
  • Go (GoLang)
  • Swift
  • Kotlin
  • Flutter
  • JavaScript
  • Rust
  • Node.js
  • Solidity


Python is quickly emerging as the programming language for those seeking a career in blockchain development. Its simple syntax makes it an ideal choice for beginners, allowing them to dive into the exciting blockchain world without being overwhelmed by complex programming syntax.

Python’s dynamic type system will enable developers to rapidly create web applications, offering a great starting point for research and experimentation in this field.

This language is well-supported by many open-source libraries, making it ideal for prototyping blockchain technology while minimizing development time. As the blockchain industry continues to grow, mastering Python will give aspiring developers a much-needed competitive edge when looking for job opportunities in this ever-growing tech area.

Michael Sena, Founder and CEO,SENACEA


C++ is the original programming language that made the existence of Bitcoin possible. This classic yet powerful language is object-oriented and creates highly efficient and secure programs.

Because of its high-caliber security, it is a reliable language for blockchain, considering the industry needs to observe the highest levels of integrity and data transparency. These are why learning C++ is extremely beneficial if you want to work on the blockchain.

Bitcoin is among the most successful cryptocurrencies today. Thanks to C++ for its top-notch capabilities, such as primitive control over memory, move semantics, and advanced multi-threading. Simply put, these features allow seamless interactions between miners and users, smooth transaction verification, and excellent building blocks.

Allan Stolc, Founder,Bankly.dk

(Video) Best Programming Language for Web3? - Blockchain Development for Beginners

Go (GoLang)

Go, or GoLang, is widely considered to be the best programming language to use while working on the blockchain. Google built this open-source language in 2007, and it offers some unique benefits when compared to other languages.

Go has an easy-to-understand syntax that makes it ideal for beginners and experienced coders alike. Additionally, Go has several built-in features that make it well-suited to building fast and reliable applications based on blockchain architecture.

Go is also an excellent choice for working with smart contracts since its safety features protect against security breaches, making it one of the safest languages available today. For all these reasons, I consider Go to be the best programming language for developing applications on the blockchain.

Jim Campbell, Owner,Camp Media


Swift made coding more convenient and efficient than ever by eliminating the limitations and flaws of its predecessor, Objective-C. It is a quick, high-performance, multi-paradigm language with an extensive library class, easy syntax, and uniform code.

Swift is secure, and its safety features help prevent unintentional runtime crashes, which removes several programming errors. Swift is quickly rising to the top of the list of programming languages used to create blockchain applications. I believe it’s because Swift has a simple onboarding procedure, a quick development cycle, a fantastic first language, and an active open-source community.

Daniel Foley, Founder,Daniel Foley Consultancy


Kotlin is simple for Java developers to learn since it acts similarly to Java and is compatible with the Java environment. I consider Kotlin a more succinct version of Java that eliminates the need to create Java variables repeatedly.

Additionally, it disables null references, and makes coroutines and extension methods available, among other features. Functional and object-oriented programming features are also included in Kotlin. It can smoothly work alongside Java classes and existing platform libraries.

If you want to design your ledger system, Kotlin’s high-level programming language is also excellent. Because it is all-purpose, simple to learn, compatible with JavaScript infrastructures, dependable, and less buggy, I suggest it.

Frederic Linfjärd, Director of Growth Marketing,Planday


Google supports the open-source Flutter programming language framework. You can include blockchain using its simple framework, which is well known for facilitating web application development.

(Video) Best Programming Languages for Blockchain

If you’re interested in creating blockchain applications, Flutter enables speedy and flexible application development for DAPPs on the Ethereum network. Making DAPPs that develop smart contracts in a single codebase is relatively simple using Flutter. Because it is all-purpose, reliable, efficient, and quick to execute, I advise using it.

Andrew Dale, Technical Director,CloudTech24


For some programmers and developers who are crushing on JavaScript, it is the best thing to learn for both Web 3.0 and Web 2.0. JavaScript was initially learned to make applications and websites, but the knowledge of this can now be used in the blockchain space.

It is the best coding language for blockchain, and its features improve when combined with HTML and CSS. The fact that it supports functional programming makes it the most useful programming language for blockchain.

JavaScript also gives a clearer understanding of what blockchain is. JavaScript helps in building the front end of these applications. Any blockchain fans who already know JavaScript can now create applications without taking the effort to learn a new programming language.

Also, before considering learning Solidity as a programming language because of its flexibility, it is crucial to have the foundations of JavaScript so that developers can build a stronger foundation.

Janie Doyle, Marketing Director,SC Vehicle Hire


Rust is a strict programming language that might be difficult for a first-time coder, but it’s the best choice if you hope to work in blockchain and future-proof your development skills.

The Rust language has built-in tools that make it easy to write safe code and ensure memory safety, as it doesn’t allow null or dangling pointers. You can build safely and efficiently on the blockchain with a real-time compiler that checks code through refactoring and feature additions.

The Rust language also allows single ownership over every piece of data, so owners can decide when to keep, give up, or transfer those ownership rights. Though that makes it a little less accessible, it improves overall reliability. Rather than copying data, Rust borrows it to keep the blockchain from getting bogged down.

Tory Gray, CEO and Founder,The Gray Dot Company


It would be hard to discuss blockchain without mentioning Node.js. Node.js is a JavaScript blockchain platform that provides many benefits for programmers interested in blockchain development.

(Video) How To Become a Blockchain Developer in 2022?

The Hyperledger Fabric SDK for blockchain solutions is offered by JavaScript’s Node.js for blockchain development. Other Node.js-based Software Development Kits (SDKs), such as the Lisk SDK, are simple to use when building a blockchain.

I would highly recommend this because both young and experienced developers can learn Node.js more easily and get started in the blockchain industry.

Adam Crossling, Head of Marketing,Zenzero


The answer varies and depends on your preference and the type of blockchain projects you want to work on.

For example, if you are interested in developing decentralized applications on the Ethereum blockchain, then Solidity would be the best choice. However, if you are interested in developing enterprise-level blockchain solutions, then Chaincode or C++ might be a better fit.

Discussion regarding this can be connected to discussion regarding blockchain and crypto in general, considering its downfall and market crash. Many predict the future of crypto is in Ethereum and smart contracts, and many exciting current and upcoming projects are Ethereum-related.

Therefore, Solidity might be the best choice for the moment. Ultimately, the best language to learn will depend on your specific goals and the projects you want to work on.

Lucia Ursic, Employer Branding Manager, Async Labs

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    What is Blockchain Technology?


Which language is best for blockchain programming? ›

Other than Python and JavaScript, C++ is the most popular programming language in the tech world today. Moreover, its amazing features such as move semantics, multithreading, and object-oriented programming, make it one of the most popular languages in the case of Blockchain as well.

Is Python or JavaScript better for blockchain? ›

Python lets developers create a simple blockchain in less than 50 lines of code. Especially for a blockchain that is addressing an Internet of Things case, Python is recommended. It eases the job of building blocks and linking them together.

What coding skills are needed for blockchain? ›

Programming Languages

C, JavaScript, Python, Ruby, Golang, C#, and Java are some of the most well-liked programming languages for blockchain development. The well-known cryptocurrency Bitcoin was first created in C.

Do I need to know coding for blockchain? ›

Yes, blockchain does require coding. At least you need the most basic form of coding to create the "smart contract" which is the basic thing on a blockchain.

Should I learn Solidity or Rust? ›

When it comes to safety and security, Rust is a clear winner as its memory safety features make it a very secure language. Solidity also includes some safety features, but they are not as robust as Rust. In terms of speed, Rust is much faster than Solidity as it is a low-level language.

Is it hard to learn Solidity? ›

Solidity is user-friendly for anyone with basic familiarity with other coding languages like Python, C++, and Java. Professionals with experience in programming concepts and coding languages can usually learn Solidity in 1-6 months. If you have no programming experience, it may take longer.

How long does it take to learn Python for blockchain? ›

Answer: Blockchain developer training duration depends on the course and skills target. It takes from 3 months to 3 years depending on the course, where it is taught, whether you pursue it on a full-time or part-time basis, and the intensity of training.

Is Python enough to learn Solidity? ›

Consequently, I would recommend learning Javascript or Python prior to learning Solidity for those new to programming. While this may take longer, it'll help you in the long run by building a stronger foundation as a developer.

Should I learn JavaScript before blockchain? ›

A large portion of developers use JavaScript as a programming language, which may seem unfair since JavaScript in blockchain networks is not well documented. But you can in fact use JavaScript when creating a blockchain. To developers the idea of JavaScript for creating a blockchain is a game changer.

How much do blockchain coders make? ›

The average blockchain developer salary in the USA is $146,250 per year or $70.31 per hour. Entry level positions start at $124,300 per year while most experienced workers make up to $180,375 per year.

Are blockchain programmers in demand? ›

Blockchain developers are in high demand and earn a good salary.

Should I learn Python before blockchain? ›

As a fresher Python can be the best programming language to choose for Blockchain Programming between all of these, as it has comparatively shortcodes and is easier to use. You can choose different resources and plug-ins as Python is an open-source language.

What is the average salary of blockchain developer in USA? ›

The national average salary for a Blockchain Developer is $1,04,584 in United States.

How long does it take to learn web3? ›

If you are a newbie with no prior knowledge of web development, it will take a month or two to master the fundamentals of web programming.

Should I learn Solana or Ethereum? ›

Solana can process more transactions per second with much lower transaction fees than most rival blockchains, such as Ethereum. It has blazing fast speed as well as low fees. It can post smart contracts and has a low environmental impact. Users can also stake Solana (SOL) for rewards.

Is Solidity coding hard? ›

Solidity is a prominent programming language that is easy to learn and powerful enough to build complex applications. It's an excellent choice for developers who want to develop smart contracts on Ethereum. It is also considered a backend language influenced by Java, C++, and Python 2+.

How much does a Solidity developer earn? ›

How Solidity Developer Salary has changed in Dec 2021 - Mar 2023: Mar 2023: $268k. Feb 2023: $192k. Jan 2023: $569k.

How much does Solidity cost? ›

Freelance Solidity developers, on average, charge $81-100 per hourly. For Solidity jobs, a developer may charge differently based on the expected duration of your job.

Can I get a job as a Solidity developer? ›

There are many ways to get a Solidity job and it might be easier than you think! You have mastered the basics of Solidity, created your first few useful projects and now want to get your hands on some real-world projects. Getting a Solidity developer job might be easier than you think.

Is Solidity well paid? ›

In general, Solidity developers with a strong background in software engineering and experience working on blockchain projects are likely to command higher salaries. According to data from Glassdoor, the average salary for a Solidity developer in the United States is around $121,000 per year.

Is it too late to become a blockchain developer? ›

If you want to learn about Blockchain technologies, let me tell you you are not too late to be a part of the movement. You have ample opportunities, whether you are a coder or not. Yes, you heard it right.

Can a newbie learn blockchain? ›

Blockchain Council is a renowned platform for learning. It offers courses for both beginners and professionals.

How long does it realistically take to learn Python? ›

In general, it takes around two to six months to learn the fundamentals of Python. But you can learn enough to write your first short program in a matter of minutes. Developing mastery of Python's vast array of libraries can take months or years.

Are Solidity developers in high demand? ›

Solidity Programmers are in High Demand

In general, demand for programmers with a strong understanding of blockchain technology and the ability to write secure and efficient smart contracts is likely to continue to be strong as the use of blockchain and smart contracts becomes more widespread.

What should I learn before Solidity? ›

  • Blockchain fundamentals knowledge.
  • Ethereum platform knowledge.
  • Previous experience with any programming language like C, Python, or JavaScript.
  • Basic knowledge of programming concepts.
  • Familiarity with the command line to create new directories.

What language is Solidity closest to? ›

Solidity is an object-oriented and high-level programming language for building smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain and other blockchain networks like BNB Smart Chain and Avalanche. The language was developed in 2014 and shares similarities with programming languages like JavaScript, C++ and Python.

How many days will it take to learn blockchain? ›

4 months to complete

Learn the fundamentals of the blockchain platform. Create your own private blockchain, and secure a digital asset using blockchain identity.

Should I learn rust or go for blockchain? ›

Because of its versatility and advanced programming experience, Golang is well-known and quite popular, but on the other hand, Rust is much faster, which makes working in large teams more efficient and cost-effective. But the choice depends on you.

What is the highest paid coder? ›

What is the highest-paying coding job?
  • Computer and Information Systems Manager.
  • Software Engineer.
  • Data Scientist.
  • Full Stack Developer.
  • Network and Computer Systems Administrator.
  • Computer Systems Analyst.
  • Product Manager.

What is the highest blockchain salary? ›

Average Annual Salary
  • ₹ 2.0L (lowest) ₹ 2.0-4.2 Lpa 212 Reported.
  • ₹ 6.0L (average) ₹ 4.2-6.3 Lpa 245 Reported.
  • ₹ 6.3-8.5 Lpa 181 Reported.
  • ₹ 8.5-10.7 Lpa 103 Reported.
  • ₹ 10.7-12.8 Lpa 56 Reported.
  • ₹ 12.8-15.0 Lpa 22 Reported.
  • ₹ 15.0-17.1 Lpa 30 Reported.
  • ₹ 19.3L (highest) ₹ 17.1-19.3 Lpa 14 Reported.

Is a career in blockchain worth it? ›

There are many benefits to a career in blockchain. The technology is still in its early stages of development, which means there is significant potential for growth and advancement. Additionally, blockchain offers a unique opportunity to work with cutting-edge technology and solve complex problems.

What is the salary of Web3 developer? ›

Generally, Web3 developers earn anything from $70,000 to well over $350,000 per year.

What is the hourly rate for blockchain developer? ›

Blockchain Developers on Upwork cost $30–$59/hr.

What is the salary of blockchain developer in Microsoft? ›

Average Microsoft Corporation Blockchain Developer salary in India is ₹ 34.0 Lakhs for null year of experience Blockchain Developer salary at Microsoft Corporation India ranges between ₹ 15.0 Lakhs to ₹ 65.0 Lakhs.

Does Google hire blockchain developers? ›

Google Cloud is hiring a legion of blockchain experts to expand its business. Alphabet's Google Cloud division is forming a team to win blockchain business after making a concerted effort in retail and other industries. Google Cloud customers include blockchain companies such as Dapper Labs, Hedera and Theta Labs.

How long does it take to be a blockchain developer? ›

How Long Does it Take to Become a Blockchain Developer? Depending on the kind of program you are signing up for. You can become a blockchain developer in 3 months or up to 3 years.

Is it hard to find a job as a blockchain developer? ›

High demand.

There are many job opportunities in software development, including opportunities for blockchain developers. However, the supply is low as there aren't enough people skilled in the blockchain space to meet the demand for them. If you can learn the required skills, you'll be in excellent shape.

What coding should I learn for web3? ›

Web3 Programming Languages – What Programming Language is Used in Web3 the Most? If you are familiar with the blockchain industry, you already know that Ethereum is the most prominent network for Web3 development. As such, it is only natural that Solidity is the most well-used language for building smart contracts.

What skills do you need for web3? ›

Other technical skills you need for entry-level jobs in Web3 include blockchain basics & Ethereum, solidity, writing smart contracts, and front-end web development. You'll also pick skills in HTML, CSS, JavaScript, JavaScript Frameworks, etc., as well as marketing, sales, finance, operations, and analytics.

Which programming language is best for web3? ›

Vyper. Derived for Python 3, Vyper is one of the most reliable programming languages for web3 development. It doesn't have all the Python's features and was built as an alternative to Solidity - a popular web3 development programming language.

Is Python good for blockchain? ›

Python is an excellent language for Blockchain projects because it's secure, performant, scalable and very safe. Although Blockchain is written in C++, many developers and data scientists turn to other languages to build their blockchains. Here are five good reasons why Python is an excellent language for a Blockchain.

Can you use C++ for blockchain? ›

C++ is so popular for blockchain because of its multiple capabilities such as move semantics, primitive control over memory, advanced multi-threading, and other object-oriented features like function overloading, runtime polymorphism, etc.

Is Java or JavaScript better for blockchain? ›

Both languages are beneficial for developing blockchain applications, and developers are not required to learn both to build a successful project.

Should I learn Python before Solidity? ›

Consequently, I would recommend learning Javascript or Python prior to learning Solidity for those new to programming. While this may take longer, it'll help you in the long run by building a stronger foundation as a developer.

What crypto is written in C++? ›

C++, introduced back in 1985 by Bjarne Stroustrup, is the best programming language for cryptocurrency development. The language follows OOPs methodology and is highly used for developing cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ripple, Stellar, and EOS.

What language is Ethereum written in? ›

Solidity programming stands apart from the other programming languages and is the programming language of choice in Ethereum. Solidity is a brand-new programming language developed by Ethereum, the second-largest cryptocurrency market by capitalization.

Which framework is best for blockchain? ›

According to Menon, the top three blockchain frameworks for these use cases are R3 Corda, Hyperledger and Ethereum, with EOSIO and ConsenSys Quorum gaining ground.

What is the salary of Solidity blockchain developer? ›

Solidity Developer Salaries in India

The national average salary for a Solidity Developer is ₹5,00,000 in India.

How much does Solidity programming pay? ›

As of Mar 6, 2023, the average annual pay for a Solidity in the United States is $160,940 a year.


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